Slovenian Grammar

Stress, gender and number

As in English, stress in Slovenian can fall on any syllable of a word : máti(mother); govorìti (to speak); zakaj (why). In the vocabularies the stress is always marked. In diferent forms of the same word, the stress occurs quite on different syllables: nosìti – nósim, móž – možÃ¡, člôvek – človèka. A few words have no stress whatsoever.


Slovenian expresses with its endings not only number and gender, but also relationships between the different words in the sentences (which in English are expressed by means of prepositions). There are a total of six forms for these relationships – which are called cases.