Wines of Slovenia
Tacitus referred to wines of PoetovioThe cultivation of wine, ‘Vitis vinifera’ predates written history. The earliest evidence is from 3,500BC. around Shiraz in ancient Persia where it was first cultivated. Slovenia has evidence of wine-making for 2,400 years. Archaeological findings show wine was known in the northeastern part of Slovenia when it was settled by Celtic and Illyrian tribes. Depicted on the ‘Vaška situla’ (6BC). Celtic vessel discovered at Vače, are festivities with wine. Winegrowing flourished in Roman times. In 1AD. Tacitus referred to Poetovio’s wines (Ptuj). In Slovenia there are three wine-growing regions, Podravje, Posavje, and Primorje. These are further divided into fourteen districts. Around 21,000 hectares are cultivated producing annually an average of 850,000. hectolitres. The majority of wines produced are quality wines - only 30% of the wine is table wine category. This standard is maintained by legislation and rules of the Slovene Wine Growers’ and Producers’ Association. Varietal wines are named after the grape, and the blended wines are named after the region of production. The association also provides the optional use of a seal which gives a guarantee of a wine’s quality - a registered trademark of Slovene wines; red for table wines, silver for quality wines, and gold for high-quality wines. The Slovenian terms for quality are: ‘namizno vino’ (table wine), ‘kakovostno vino’ ZKGP (quality wine) and ‘vrhunsko vino’ (premium wine), ‘arhivsko vino’ (archive wine) - the minimum is two years in the barrel, and two years in the bottle. Amongst the varieties of wines are: Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Teran, Refošk, Modri Pinot, Renski Rizling, Laski Rizling, Beli Pinot, Traminec, Šipon. The specialised wine shop is called ‘vinoteka’ and largest selection in Slovenia is at the Vinoteka Bradeško in the Ljubljana City Fairground. The annual International Ljubljana Wine Competition is the highlight of the viticulturist’s calendar; Slovenia is one of six European countries to have accreditation from global organisations for wine analysis.
Learning activities1. Send a post card
Linguistic element: formulaic expressions of letter-writing
Send a postcard about visiting the Brda area in Primorska region
2. Design a business card
Text-type: business card
Linguistic element: formulaic expressions of address
Write a business card for the Wine Cellar Goriška Brda
3. Write a script for a conversation
Linguistic element: formulaic expressions of price, numerals
Write a dialogue about the wine-sampling offered at Wine Cellar Goriška Brda
4. Design a brochure on Wine Roads of Slovenia
Linguistic element: prepositions - declension
Write a brochure about the Wine roads listed at the Slovenian Tourist Board
5. Design an advertisement
Linguistic element: adjectives - declensions
Design and write a promotional advertisement about the Maribor Wine Road
6. Write a script for an interview
Linguistic element: pronouns - interrogative
Interview a staff member about Wine Cellar Goriška Brda
Comprehension - reading and respondingRead the text Stara trta from site, Maribor-Pohorje
Answer the following questions in English.
1. Where does ‘Stara trta’ grow?
2. How much wine is produced annually from the Old Vine?
3. Where is it pressed?
4. How much is bottled?
5. How was the Old Vine protected?
6. What are future plans for the building which the Old Vine climbs?
7. Which countries have received a gift of a graft of the Old Vine?
Alkalaj, Mišo, Wines of Slovenia, D Y S, Ljubljana, 1996
Fallon, S, Slovenia, Lonely Planet Publications, Hawthorn, 2004
Gosar, A, Jersič, M, Slovenia, the Tourist Guide, Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana, 1999
Krček, L, Sorte in podlage vinske trte, SVA VERITAS, Univerzitetna knjižnica, Maribor, 1996
Medved, D, Najlepše trte na Slovenskem, Založba Obzorja, Maribor, 1995